Honestly I'm not qualified enough for this since I use an ancient Monoprice TWA60 for AGES and it's gotten me by and 8 years ago I was using a Wacom Graphire3, I know jack when it comes to tablets and the internet will probably know more than me. You can probably get a Monoprice tablet to this day but the pen requires a battery and sometimes goes loose, and you can lose the nibs really easily; additionally it's not as flexible or smooth I've heard. (basically avoid battery pen tablets)
There's two types of tablets: graphic tablets and drawing/PC/monitor tablets. Graphic tablets are the ones you draw on but you look at your PC screen for, drawing tablets are the ones you draw on the screen for (aka the surfaces). All the things you listed you want to do you can do with either of these.
If you're just getting started and want it cheaper as well as not a whole ass machine, I recommend trying a USB graphic tablet to start off, but it might be weird for you to learn how to adjust to the whole "not looking at what I'm drawing thing", however with enough practice you should get the hang of it. Translating digital drawing over from traditional drawing takes a bit but if your hand-eye coordination with your mouse is good you should be able to get the hang of it within like a month or so, and you will continuously improve.
In my experience I found portable surface tablets tend to get really hot easily despite how convenient it was for me to see what my pen was actually drawing vs. seeing where my pen lined up with what was on my screen. It might be more convenient for you to start off with this though. They are also much more expensive than graphics tablets and you would be lucky to find one under three digits since you know, you can actually see what you're drawing. Again, in terms of what brand you should go for as well as newer age tablets, I'm not the best person to ask for this, but I can give you general advice if you're just starting off.
Some other general advice:
- Don't lose your pens, they cost a lot of money to replace like $90-100, the whole "artist lost their tablet pen tragedy hits the earth" is deadass the realest tablet issue out there
- FUCK Wacom, XP Pen and Huion are catching up if you really want to invest in something nice and reliable but not out the ass for budget. That being said Wacom is reliable and older stuff like Bamboo and Intuos have aged well (be careful since they don't manufacture Bamboo pens anymore)
- If you can't buy a stand for it, tilt your tablet so that it's standing at an angle if possible, regardless of if its a graphics tablet or drawing surface. There's been a recent thing as to how it apparently helps your ergonomics a bit better since a common mistake for veterans & rookies is using a tablet pen the same way you would a traditional pencil or pen
- Draw with the whole ass arm if you can help it rather than restrict movement to your wrist, but this is something they teach you in art school when you're not paying attention to your teacher and you feel like you're the shit with your awesome wrist control and then you get RSI when you're older and it's a FeelsBad
Here's a year old Reddit thread that recommends some good, budget-friendly beginner graphic tablets, but if you want a detachable surface I heard Surface Pro > Surface Book. Some other people can probably weigh in on their experience or gear.